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Festive Amazon

 (Amazona festiva)

Also known as: Festive Parrot, Red-backed Amazon or Parrot

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Festive Amazon closeup
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Did You Know?

The Festive Amazon is the only Amazon species with a red back and rump.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona festiva

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: festiva

Size:

34cm (13.3 in)

Weight:

370g (13 oz)

Subspecies including nominate:

two: A.f. festiva, A.f. bodini

Colour Adult:

A.f. festiva: Both adults plumage green, the feathers of the neck faintly edged dusty black; wing coverts thinly edged yellow/green; lores and narrow frontal stripe dark red; blue above and behind eyes, sometimes bisecting occiput; blue chin; red lower back and rump; primary coverts violet/blue, edged green; primary feathers violet/blue; tail green. Bill grey/black. Eye ring grey, eye orange.

A.f. bodini: Both adults more yellow than Amazona festiva, particularly on underparts; red frontal stripe extending to forehead and forecrown; feathers of crown and occiput edged dull purple; feathers of hindneck strongly edged dusty black (more so than festiva); lores black; feathers of cheeks edged violet/blue; primary coverts and outer webs of primary feathers green.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adults but duller; green lower back and rump with a few red feathers; some dull red at concealed bases of lateral tail feathers. Eye brown.

Call:

Call is nasal wah-wah in flight. Also wide variety of calls including screeches.

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More Information:

Avibase

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Cornell Lab of Ornithology/Birds of the World
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Amazona Society
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 edition
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Lexicon of Parrots, Thomas Arndt.
ML Media Collection Catalogue 64703, Festive Amazon Amazona festiva, Zimmer, Kevin, Amazonas, Brazil, Jan. 20 1993, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site

Click photo to visit gallery

Festive Amazon closeup
© Dreamstime

Did You Know?

The Festive Amazon is the only Amazon species with a red back and rump.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona festiva

Species Care

Captive Status:

Uncommon

Longevity:

40+ yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, cactus fruits, pomegranate, etc, forming about 30 percent of the diet; vegetable such as: carrot, celery, green peas and beans, fresh corn, etc; also green leaves of Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; spray millet; mix of small seeds: canary, millet and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower; limited sunflower, soaked, dry or sprouted; cooked beans and pulses and boiled maize, and complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Not recorded.

Nest Box Size:

Not recorded.

Clutch Size:

3

Incubation Time:

28 days

Fledging Age:

Assume 8 weeks.

Hatch Weight:

15g (0.5 oz).

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Festive Amazon closeup
© Dreamstime

Did You Know?

The Festive Amazon is the only Amazon species with a red back and rump.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona festiva

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Near Threatened

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Not globally threatened. Generally common and stable within restricted but largely intact forest possibly throughout range. The primary threat to this species is accelerating deforestation in the Amazon basin as land is cleared for agriculture. Also susceptible to trade and hunting, although rarely seen in trade internationally. Regularly harvested in NE Peru, Venezuela and Guyana. where people take young from nests.

Range:

A.f. festiva: Found in Amazon River drainage from mouth at Ilha do Mixiana, NE Brazil, west to SE Colombia, in Vaupes and Amazonas, E Ecuador, mainly along Ríos Napo and Aguarico and tributaries in Sucumbíos and E Napo, and NE Peru, in Loreto.

A.f. bodini: Lower Rios Meta and Casanare, E Colombia, and C Venezuela, from Rio Meta in southern Apure north to Rio Capanaparo and east along Rio Oronoco from mouth to Rio Meta to lower Rio Caura, and in Delta Amacuro, with occasional sightings in NW Guyana.

Habitat:

Found up to 500m (1640 ft) in várzea forest, riparian secondary growth and river islands. Rarely far from water. Found less commonly in gallery woodland or savanna with scattered trees, and plantations. Bodini found in humid lowland forest along major rivers, up to 1000m in Venezuela, in both seasonally and permanently flooded forest.

Wild Diet:

Fruits, including mangos (Mangifera indica) and peach palm (Bactris gasipaes); seeds, berries, nuts, flowers and leaf buds.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Habits poorly known, appears to be resident, with possible movements at extreme ends of range; usually in pairs or small flocks, but with large groups gathering at communal roosts for the night or at a localized food source. Often approachable. Noisy at dusk when coming to roost.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3, size unknown.

Breeding Season:

Recorded in December-March; nest is in cavity in Mauritia flexosa and Astrocaryum jauari palms.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Research: Genetic variability in three Amazon parrot species

Click photo to visit gallery

Festive Amazon closeup
© Dreamstime

Did You Know?

The Festive Amazon is the only Amazon species with a red back and rump.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona festiva

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