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Mitchell’s Lorikeet

 (Trichoglossus forsteni mitchellii)
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© Jamie Gilardi

Project Status: Active | 2008 - current

Collaborators/Funders

Paradise Park UK, Blackpool Zoo, Kirkley Hall Zoological Gardens

Lorikeet subspecies in danger of extinction

In recent decades the Mitchell's Lorikeet (Trichoglossus forsteni mitchellii) has suffered a steep decline in population due to the wild bird trade.

Progress and outcomes:  In April 2008, the Friends of the National Park Foundation (FNPF) team released three Mitchell's Lorikeets on Nusa Penida, with support from WPT. Later, aid was provided for tracking the birds’ post-release activities. 

On Lombok, observers found a flock of 5-6 birds in 2011, and in September of 2015 a flock of 18 individuals was found there on Mt. Rinjani, an active volcano. In 2019, six individuals were found on Bali by WPT-Indonesia staff and local colleagues. Total numbers of wild Mitchell’s Lorikeet have been estimated at 30-40 individuals. Planning is currently underway to develop a captive breeding and release program to include birds found in Indonesia as well as internationally, particularly with Paradise Park UK.

Focus of future work: WPT's efforts for the species will include:

  • Monitoring and further surveying the populations on Bali and Lombok
  • Monitoring bird markets for new individuals
  • Establishing an in-situ and ex-situ captive breeding program
  • Releasing birds to re-establish the species in suitable habitat areas

With your help, we can complete these important tasks to better understand the species and continue to deliver effective solutions to further their conservation.

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IUCN/CITES Status: Vulnerable / Appendix II

Wild population:  <50

Where found: Nusa Penida and Lombok, formerly found on Bali.

History:  Mitchell’s Lorikeet was historically found only on the islands of Lombok and Bali in Indonesia.  It was thought to have disappeared from the island of Bali, due to capture for the international bird trade. A half dozen individuals were found in mid-2019 by WPT-Indonesia staff and in-country colleagues. Trade has left populations on Lombok at a very low level, possibly with only a few dozen individuals left.

Threats:

  • Capture for the wild bird trade
  • Persecution

Ecology: Mitchell’s Lorikeet is found on the islands of Bali and Lombok in mostly cultivated areas that have been nearly completely denuded of natural vegetation. They feed mainly on nectar but will also take figs and insects. They are generally found in mixed flocks with other parrots, in small noisy groups. These lorikeets are nomadic, as they are dependent on flowering trees. They will also roost and nest on the ground on some of the predator-free islands. Acrobatic displays in the air are frequent.


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